Philosophy and Ideology of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea

Many in the lines of imperialism and anti-communism are constantly attacking the DPRK. Even many so called “socialists” are discrediting the DPRK over different things – may it be cult of personality, fascism, racism and nationalism, family dynasty, military dictatorship, or revisionism. These accusations are mostly based on lies and exaggerations.

To understand the DPRK, you have to understand Asia. In many Asian countries they have a strong tradition to love and respect the leaders. There’s a reason to why the monarchy in Thailand have such a strong support or the the emperor in Japan is pretty much considered a god – and have been for centuries. Even India was ruled by the Nehru- Gandji dynasty for several decades but is called “the world’s biggest democracy ” by the western media. The president in south Korea is Park Geun-hye, the daughter of Park Chung-hee, a general who seized power through a military coup (who ruled the country from 1961 until 1979 when he was assassinated).

The difference between these mentioned countries and the DPRK is that the DPRK is a democratic society where the broad masses have elected Kim Jong-un to lead the Korean people, as the broad masses wanted Kim Jong Il and Kim Il Sung before that. One main difference between a socialist society and a capitalist society is that in a socialist society, the state is there to serve the masses and that’s why education, healthcare, housing etc. is free of charge and the means of productions are collectively owned by the people through the state that is subordinate the people. In a capitalist society the only function of the state is to protect the privately owned means of productions and to protect the capitalists power and properties.

The Workers’ Party of Korea (WPK) is a party of the people that unconditionally fights for the Korean people’s well-being and independence. As a democratic party, the WPK, have elected Kim Jong Un as the party leader, giving him the confidence and all responsibilities that follows with it.

Juche has its roots in the anti-colonial liberation struggle against the Japanese imperialists in the first half of the 20th century. The US was setting up a government of Korea’s former oppressors – Japanese generals, and the US-loyal president Syngman Rhee (who fled Korea to the US after he were forced to resign after the popular April Popular Uprising of 1960), forcing the south into a colonial state. The Korean communists realized the importance of building an independent and democratic country where Korea never again had to be under foreign occupation or depend on another country. The Juche philosophy was therefore solidified in the construction of the Korean socialism.

The DPRK state and society is built on socialist principles and guided by the Juche idea and the Songun idea. The Juche idea is derived from Marxism-Leninism. Whilst Juche has original features comrade Kim Jong Il warned against slighting the achievements of the founders of Marxism-Leninism saying “Our Party and people respect Marx, Engels, Lenin and Stalin as leaders of the working class and speak highly of their distinguished services”. Juche philosophy is the idea of that man is the master of society, and with the creativity and intelligence of man we have the means to build a society adapted to man. In the capitalist society there’s no possibility for man to develop and use his creativity as long as there’s no financial interest in it, but in socialism man are not bound to financial needs. Man is also prevented by capitalist laws to develop the creativity that man is given by birth. The Juche philosophy is against the idea of laws that is preventing our creativity.

The Juche philosophy also focuses on self-reliance, where man is, once again, given the opportunity to develop the means of productions and productions by man´s own initiatives and creativity. The DPRK have managed under hard circumstances to build a self-reliant economy with heavy- and light industries and agriculture. Due to US-imperialist blockades and embargoes they have managed to develop and follow the path of socialism, even after the fall of the Soviet Union when the DPRK lost its most valuable trading partners. Even after the Arduous March of the 1990’s where heavy floods and droughts killed hundreds of thousands of Koreans from starvation, the DPRK firmly followed the path of socialism. Like other so called socialist countries, the DPRK could have went with the path of capitalism and sold out collective ownership in benefit to capitalism, but that was nothing that the Korean people considered an option after what they saw happened to the countries that gave up what they had achieved. As Kim Il Sung, founder of democratic Korea passed away in 1994 and he was succeeded by Kim Jong Il, there was a whole new political-geographic world map, with the US as the only super power and still having US occupying southern Korea.

The Songun philosophy was something that started to develop fast out of the Juche philosophy. The Songun philosophy was vial to prevent an invasion and to have a self-reliant defence against the war-moves made by the US imperialists. With a south Korea mounted by US nuclear bombs, there were no other option for the DPRK then to develop its own nuclear weapons in order to guarantee the country’s safety against continuing US threats and provocations. The DPRK have always been against the fact that there are nuclear weapons on the Korean peninsula, but it is not an option for the DPRK to remove its own nuclear weapons as long as the United States have theirs in the southern part of the Korean peninsula. A modern defence industry is and will always be vial in a hostile world like the one we live in if one wants to keep its independence.

The difference between the Korean People’s Army and a reactionary army is that the reactionary army’s purpose is to defend the bourgeoisie and the capitalist state and all it stands for. The reactionary army is made up of working class men and women who are lined up against other armies of working class men and women in order to defend capitalist interests, not the interests of the masses and the working class. The Korean People’s Army is the army of the people and its purpose and duty is not to increase profits for multinational companies, but to defend its people and to support its people. The Korean People’s Army are organized to help farmers on collective farms and to help builders in construction sites amongst others, but they have also sworn to defend the very same people they help out in the days when they are not training.

Photo provided by Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) on Aug. 16, 2014 shows a delegation of the Angola Doctor Association visiting the Ryugyong Dental Hospital in Pyongyang, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK). (Xinhua/KCNA)
Photo provided by Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) on Aug. 16, 2014 shows a delegation of the Angola Doctor Association visiting the Ryugyong Dental Hospital in Pyongyang, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK). (Xinhua/KCNA)

The Juche- and Songun philosophy is highly applicable on the teachings of Marx and Lenin, and not only in Korea, but to all countries that’s struggling with imperialism. Juche in economy means economic self-reliance, not economic isolation. The DPRK have a long history of economic cooperation with many non-aligned countries. The DPRK – Angola relations is one example of economic cooperation in line with the Juche philosophy, where both countries have been cooperating in the domains of health, construction and information technology dating back since the proclamation of Angolan Independence on 11 November in 1975.

Under the leadership of the Workers’ Party of Korea, the DPRK have kept its vigorous path of socialism, with new victories and conquests in the areas of the three revolutions: ideology, technology and culture. The Workers’ Party of Korea have kept and developed socialism under the banner of Juche, giving guidance to the Korean people where they successfully and victorious builds socialism in the 21st century.

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